The key was always left in a secret hiding-place in the entry, which Edna knew. If Mademoiselle happened to be away, Edna would usually enter and wait for her return. When she knocked at Mademoiselle Reisz's door one afternoon there was no response; so unlocking the door, as usual, she entered and found the apartment deserted, as she had expected. Her day had been quite filled up, and it was for a rest, for a refuge, and to talk about Robert, that she sought out her friend. Madame Ratignolle had dragged herself over, avoiding the too public thoroughfares, she said. She complained that Edna had neglected her much of late.
Besides, she was consumed with curiosity to see the little house and the manner in which it was conducted. She wanted to hear all about the dinner party; Monsieur Ratignolle had left so early. What had happened after he left? The champagne and grapes which Edna sent over were TOO delicious. She had so little appetite; they had refreshed and toned her stomach. Where on earth was she going to put Mr. Pontellier in that little house, and the boys?
And then she made Edna promise to go to her when her hour of trial overtook her. You seem to act without a certain amount of reflection which is necessary in this life. That is the reason I want to say you mustn't mind if I advise you to be a little careful while you are living here alone. Why don't you have some one come and stay with you?
Kate Chopin - The Awakening - Edna`s Life as a Development in Three Stages
Wouldn't Mademoiselle Reisz come? Of course, it wouldn't matter if Mr. Arobin had not such a dreadful reputation. Monsieur Ratignolle was telling me that his attentions alone are considered enough to ruin a woman s name. I believe he is a decent fellow as far as that goes. But his character is so well known among the men. I shan't be able to come back and see you; it was very, very imprudent to-day.
Madame Ratignolle had not far to go, and Edna stood on the porch a while watching her walk down the street.
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Then in the afternoon Mrs. Merriman and Mrs. Highcamp had made their "party call. They had also come to invite her to play vingt-et-un one evening at Mrs. She was asked to go early, to dinner, and Mr.
Merriman or Mr. Arobin would take her home. Edna accepted in a half-hearted way. Edna never adhered to the societies definition, even at the beginning of the novel.
Despite their differences, Madame Ratignolle enjoys Edna's company. Why?
Pontellier was the best husband in the world. That she married him not because there are none better, but because there are also none worse.
By moving to her own residence, Edna takes a colossal step towards autonomy, a direct violation of the mother-woman image. Throughout The Awakening, Edna increasingly distances herself from the image of the mother-woman, until her suicide, which serves as the total opposite of the mother-woman image. Adele Ratignolle and Mademoiselle Reisz, the two important female subsidary characters, provide the two different identities Edna associates with. For Edna, Adele appears unable to perceive herself as an individual human being.
She possesses no sense of herself beyond her role as wife and mother, and therefore Adele exists only in relation to her family, not in relation to herself or the world. Edna desires individuality, and the identity of a mother-woman does not provide that. In contrast to Adele Ratignolle, Mademoiselle Reisz offers Edna an alternative to the role of being yet another mother-woman. The emotional fluidity of music is not solely responsible for Edna's evolving constitution. Such an assertion would deny any individual agency on her part and misrepresent the synthesis of artistic form and content that serves as a musical parallel to Edna's experiences.
Chopin's music successfully integrates the opposition of "the 'classical' concern for form and the 'romantic' urge of inspiration.verlickpacthou.gq
Kate Chopin - The Awakening - Edna`s Life as a Development in Three Stages
Therefore, due to Edna's fascination with romantic melodies, it causes Edna to 'Awaken' and desire new things to free herself from confinement. Camastra states that Edna comes to the same despondency that the writer Maupassant arrived to. Maupassant attempts to commit suicide a few months before his actual death in Maupassant fictionalized spirits and Frederic Chopin internalized them in his music. In "The Awakening", Edna is fascinated by the musical poet's repertoire, and is forced to confront the spectral presence of an existential yearning for something else that eventually drives her to commit suicide.
The Awakening was particularly controversial upon publication in Although the novel was never technically banned, it was censored. The public reaction to the novel was similar to the protests that greeted the publication and performance of Henrik Ibsen 's landmark drama A Doll's House , a work with which The Awakening shares an almost identical theme.
Both contain a female protagonist who abandons her husband and children for self-fulfilment. However, published reviews ran the gamut from outright condemnation to the recognition of The Awakening as an important work of fiction by a gifted practitioner. Divergent reactions of two newspapers in Kate Chopin 's hometown of St.
Louis , Missouri , reflect this. The St. Louis Republic labeled the novel "poison" and "too strong a drink for moral babes",  and the St. Louis Mirror stated, "One would fain beg the gods, in pure cowardice, for sleep unending rather than to know what an ugly, cruel, loathsome Monster Passion can be when, like a tiger, it slowly awakens.
This is the kind of awakening that impresses the reader in Mrs.
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Chopin's heroine. Louis Post-Dispatch praised the novel in "A St. Louis to become a professional writer, she was of particular interest there. Some reviews clucked in disappointment at Chopin's choice of subject: "It was not necessary for a writer of so great refinement and poetic grace to enter the over-worked field of sex-fiction" Chicago Times Herald.
Others mourned the loss of good taste; The Nation claimed that the book opened with high expectations, "remembering the author's agreeable short stories," and closed with "real disappointment," suggesting public dissatisfaction with the chosen topic: "we need not have been put to the unpleasantness of reading about her. Some reviews indulged in outright vitriol, as when Public Opinion stated, "We are well-satisfied when Mrs. Pontellier deliberately swims out to her death in the waters of the gulf.
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Chopin's work also garnered qualified, though still negative, reviews. The Dial called The Awakening a "poignant spiritual tragedy" with the caveat that the novel was "not altogether wholesome in its tendencies. Cather "hope[d] that Miss Chopin will devote that flexible, iridescent style of hers to a better cause. Chopin did not write another novel after The Awakening and had difficulty publishing stories after its release.